Luxor, once an Ancient Egyptian capital, is known today as the world’s “greatest open-air museum.” From the tomb of Tutankhamen in the Valley of the Kings and the magnificent sunset views at the majestic temple complexes of Karnak and Luxor to the exciting and fun Nile cruises, Luxor is the perfect choice for culture vultures.
Luxor is divided by the Nile into two areas commonly called the East Bank and West Bank which were considered in Ancient Egyptian times as symbolizing respectively Life and Death.
While the East Bank has grown to become a modern city, it has retained its lush green setting, its traditional bazaar and stunning view of the Nile.
The West Bank is known for its necropolis and mortuary temples: the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens, the Workers Village, and the Temple of Medinet Habu are the highlights of Luxor’s West Bank.
Pharaohs of the Sedge & Bee
A truly impressive site; Situated on the ancient site of Thebes, on Luxor's West Bank. There, you will find Tutankhamen’s tomb. Although the tomb alone is worth a visit, you will have to visit the Egyptian Museum in Cairo to see the treasures Tutankhamen was buried with.
Queens, Princes, Princesses and Nobles
Located on the West Bank of Luxor near the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens is the place where wives of Pharaohs were buried in ancient times as well as princes, princesses and various members of the nobility. Nefertari’s tomb, Ramses II favorites wife, is the most famous attraction.
Gigantic Statues of Amenhotep III
The two gigantic statues of Amenhotep III (known as the Colossi of Memnon) were originally situated in front of his Mortuary temple, which seems to have been destroyed for unknown reasons. Each colossus is about 21 metres tall and represents King Amenhotep III seated on his throne.
The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, also known as Deir el Bahri, is dedicated to Amon-Ra, the sun god. The temple is unique because it was designed like classical architecture. Inside you’ll see the sun court, chapel and sanctuary. Temple reliefs depict the tale of the divine birth of Hatshepsut and trade expeditions to the Land of Punt.
Ramses II’s Mortuary Temple
The mortuary temple of Ramses II took around 20 years to build as a part of his funerary complex. The magnificent temple is on Luxor’s West Bank and in its day the Ramesseum was similar to Abu Simbel in grandeur and Medinet Habu in architecture. Ironically the Nile floods deteriorated the temple in which Ramses is portrayed as an eternal deity.
200 Years in the Making
The well preserved Ptolemaic Temple of Horus is the second biggest temple in Egypt. Second only to the Temple of Karnak in sheer size, the temple was one of the last attempts by the Ptolemaic dynasty at building in the style and grandeur of their predecessors. Construction on the site took about 200 years.
The Continuous History of Egypt
It is a testimony to the history of the continuous history of Egypt, beginning from the 18th dynasty of Ancient Egyptian rule to the 14th century AD. Many pharaohs played a part in building this temple, including Tutankhamen, Hatshepsut, Ramses II, and Amenhotep III. Return to Luxor temple at night to watch the Sound and Light Show.
Megaliths of the Ancients
The Karnak Temple Complex is home to three main temples, several smaller enclosed temples, and a number of outer temples – combining the achievements of many generations of ancient builders over a period of 1500 years. The temple of Amun, the complex's main structure, is the largest place of worship ever built.
Explore the Funerary Journey
The Mummification Museum presents the ancient Egyptian art of mummification and displays related artefacts and mummies. Here you’ll learn about the mummification techniques specialized to embalm many animal species, such as crocodiles, cats and fish. Mummified animals are unique to the collection of this museum.